4 Achieving The Canberra Spatial Plan goals
The purpose of this section of The Canberra Spatial Plan is
to identify the actions that will flow from adopting the Strategic Direction
for Canberra. It does this by outlining the goals and objectives to be
addressed through the implementation of The Canberra Spatial Plan.
It then outlines the policy response that underpins the actions to be
initiated when The Canberra Spatial Plan is adopted.
||Create and maintain a healthy
OBJECTIVE — Provide
opportunities for a diverse range of housing for the full range
of household types and lifestyle preferences
Over time there has been
a shift towards construction of higher density dwellings,
such as townhouses, apartments and flats. This shift reflects a
trend that has been experienced in most Australian cities over
the last 10 to 15 years. The Canberra Spatial
Plan enables a range
of dwellings to be provided to match household types and lifestyle
preferences. All members of a community should be able to access
housing that meets their needs, including access to public
housing. Thus, the provision of stable, secure and affordable
housing is a critical element of a more sustainable community.
Additional land is also required to provide for aged care accommodation
in the short term and this trend will continue to increase
in the long term.
- The Spatial Plan identifies proposed urban
areas within the ACT for future development to meet projected
demand of between 58,000 and 90,000 additional dwellings. The
residential settlement strategy provides for:
of development in existing areas, particularly
in and adjacent to Civic and town centres and along
major transport corridors, through redevelopment and development,
using both unused and underused land. In total approximately
41,500 to 45,000 additional dwellings can be catered for
through consolidation in the Spatial Plan (including 4,500 dwellings
within the current urban limits of Queanbeyan City).
- Continuation of some greenfields,
medium and low density development in Gungahlin — approximately
28,000 additional dwellings (dependent on
the outcomes of detailed structure planning).
Molonglo Valley to become the next residential
settlement area, with between 12,500 to 20,000 dwellings
(dependent on the outcomes of detailed urban suitability
assessment and structure planning).
- The Kowen Plateau to be a long
term (at least 15–20 years) urban settlement area, depending
on the level of population growth — up
to 8,000 dwellings could be provided by 2032,
with a total capacity of up to 26,000 dwellings to be made
available (dependent on the outcomes of detailed structure
- Overall, housing choice will be achieved through a mix of residential
releases balanced between greenfields development, redevelopment
and development within existing urban areas. Such a mix
will reflect the projected demand for medium to higher density
dwellings due to changing household characteristics.
- To protect the character and amenity of existing suburban areas
of the ACT, residential redevelopment will be strategically
directed to locations which will contribute to overall
levels of accessibility to facilities and services and reduce
dependency on vehicle use. In the short to medium term, this
will mean further opportunities for redevelopment will be primarily
within Civic, the Northbourne Avenue corridor, Constitution Avenue,
the town centres of Belconnen, Gungahlin and Woden and around
key nodes including Kingston, Dickson, Barton and Russell.
- The principle of the life cycle neighbourhood
is adopted so that housing for the ageing population can be
provided in the best locations to meet the diverse needs of
the community. This will be particularly relevant within established
areas so that people can remain living in their familiar environment
close to existing social networks, that is, to enable ‘ageing in place’.
- Greenfields development and major redevelopment
and urban renewal projects will ensure opportunities for a
range of housing to provide for life cycle ageing in place, including
housing for families, adaptable housing, older persons accommodation
and affordable housing for young people and social housing
(public and community housing) in appropriate locations with
high levels of accessibility to services and public transport.
- Within non-urban areas, residential development
(villages and rural settlements) and other institutional and
tourism related uses, will only be considered where sustainability
principles can be met, including:
- sufficient water resources are
- acceptable bushfire risk;
- acceptable effluent and water management;
and timely access to facilities and services are available
without undue cost; and
- efficient and cost effective provision of infrastructure.
- Timely release of land to meet the predicted demand for medium
and low density housing choices within greenfields areas. This
will occur simultaneously with the completion of areas committed
for residential development in Gungahlin and a shift towards
higher density urban form within the existing urban areas facilitated
by release of additional sites in Civic and other key locations.
- In the short term the effectiveness and
appropriateness of the Territory Plan’s residential policies
to meet housing demand and housing choice will be evaluated.
- Work with the NSW Government on regional planning, including
input to the Sydney-Canberra Corridor Strategy.
- In the short term, the ACT Government will work with the National
Capital Authority towards an amendment to the Metropolitan
Structure Plan in the National Capital Plan to include the Molonglo
Valley and the Kowen Plateau as future urban areas.
- A joint study between the ACT Government and the National Capital
Authority will determine the areas suitable for urban development
in the Molonglo Valley. This investigation will inform a joint
amendment to the National Capital Plan and variation to the
Territory Plan. It will also inform the preparation of documentation
for environmental impact assessment and other statutory requirements
before the development can proceed. The policy variations where
appropriate will be completed by 2006 to allow development
to commence by 2007/2008.
- In the medium term, detailed structure planning will determine
the urban form and structure for the Kowen Plateau.
- Master planning will identify the suitability of other potential
residential development areas identified for residential intensification.
Investigations will ensure these areas are consistent with
sustainable planning principles, including proximity to existing
infrastructure, proximity to transport services, environmental
constraints and proximity to services and facilities.
- Introduce lease and development controls on selected sites
to ensure a minimum provision of affordable housing.
- The land release program will be reviewed and managed to ensure
supply keeps up with the demand to achieve sustainable provision
of affordable housing.
- Residential planning policies will be reviewed to address the
need for small scale residential development within existing
suburbs to provide affordable and adaptable housing and allow
ageing in place.
- Planning policies will be reviewed to ensure sufficient flexibility
to cater for the increased trend towards home-based care and
- Housing preferences (price, dwelling type and location) and
needs of the ageing population will be monitored to identify
the appropriate mix of housing. Land and planning controls will
be put in place to facilitate the required mix.
- The minimum requirements for the provision of accessible and
adaptable housing will be progressively increased through planning
and building legislation and regulation.
- Adaptable housing standards will be adopted in various government
land releases so that the range of housing needs of an ageing
population can be met.
- Further investigations will be undertaken to determine whether
Uriarra, Pierces Creek and Stromlo settlements can be rebuilt
as sustainable rural villages consistent with the recommendations
of Shaping Our Territory. If sustainability is demonstrated
the villages will be rebuilt.
- Dwelling demand for the full range
of household types met.
choice of housing type and location provided.
- Adequate and affordable housing
and public housing available in accessible locations
through the urban areas.
- Adequate adaptable housing for the
disabled and aged.
- Representative mix of demographics
(including age profile) in each suburb or neighbourhood
- The total number of new dwellings within 7.5 kilometres radius
of the city centre as percentage of total new dwellings.
- The total number of new dwellings within the 15 kilometre radius
of the city centre as percentage of total new dwellings in
ACT and in ACT sub-region.
- The net migration gain or loss of population in the ACT.
- Housing affordability indicator.
- House price to income ratio.
- Affordable housing as a proportion of total housing.
- Proportion of affordable housing close to transport and employment
opportunities and services.
- The number of adaptable and accessible developments per capita.