GOAL Retain ease of movement and facilitate good travel connections
Sustainable Transport

OBJECTIVE — Establish a more sustainable and responsive transport system

The Spatial Plan integrates with The Sustainable Transport Plan, which seeks to achieve a more sustainable transport system for Canberra over the next 20 to 30 years. This is essential to better satisfy the economic, social and environmental goals of the community now and in the future.

The Sustainable Transport Plan will move Canberra to a transport system that retains Canberra’s high levels of accessibility, but with lower per capita costs and less negative impacts. It also facilitates a shift of travel from cars towards a greater reliance on walking, cycling and public transport. Such a system, implemented cost effectively, will provide net benefits through reduced costs (financial, social and environmental) including reduced greenhouse gas emissions, reduced air and noise pollution, fewer accidents and higher levels of physical activity. The transport sector is a major contributor to ACT greenhouse gas emission profile and successful implementation of The Sustainable Transport Plan is a critical element of the ACT Greenhouse Strategy 2000.

A key to achieving The Sustainable Transport Plan is the progressive shift towards an urban form that supports shorter trips and encourages people to walk or cycle. The Spatial Plan provides this urban form. The Sustainable Transport Plan encourages improvement of public transport services at activity nodes along key transport corridors. This will support intensification of development along these corridors in line with the urban containment principle of the Spatial Plan.

Policy response
  • Concentrating more development and ensuring a greater mix of land uses in and around Civic, existing town centres and at key activity nodes on transport corridors to provide an urban form more supportive of sustainable transport options.
  • Higher population densities will be located in and around Civic and the town centres and at key nodes along transport corridors to encourage greater accessibility, including by walking and cycling.
  • A mix of land uses will be encouraged in centres and other employment nodes to reduce the need for and length of travel (as shown on Map 5 — Future Residential Areas).
  • Trunk Public Transport Routes will be developed to improve transit services, including by providing a separate right of way for public transport. There will be more intensive land uses around stations and at interchanges.
  • Physical activity will be encouraged through the location of new residential development within walking distance of activity nodes, town centres and the city centre.
  • Frequency, reliability, comfort, safety and security of public transport will be increased to encourage greater use of the system.
  • Improvements to trunk and local cycling and walking infrastructure and facilities will support more use of these modes.
  • Measures to encourage the community to use more sustainable transport particularly walking, cycling and public transport will be introduced.
  • New greenfields development areas will be oriented around high quality public transport and walking and cycling. These will be linked to existing town centres through transport corridors — for both public transport and private travel (as shown on Map 8 — Transport Connections).
  • Dedicated trunk public transport routes will be constructed initially between Gungahlin and City, and Belconnen and City. They will, in the first instance, be used by buses, with the potential to convert to light rail in the longer term.
  • Public transport priority systems and dedicated public transport routes will be provided at the initial stages of development of new greenfield and major urban renewal sites.
  • Trunk cycle and community path network improvements will be provided at the initial stages of development of new greenfield and major urban renewal sites as well as in and connecting to town centres and Civic.
  • Parking policies will be introduced to minimise the use of private motor vehicles for commuting.
  • High quality transit stations/interchanges will be developed along the Trunk Public Transport Routes, and integrated into the town centres and Civic (priority actions are the development of new transit facilities in Woden and Belconnen).
  • Improvement of public transport services including introduction of:
    – bus priority measures;
    – real-time information systems; and
    – demand-responsive feeder services.
  • Reduced need for and length of travel.
  • Increased accessibility for present and future generations.
  • An integrated transport and land use approach to new development and redevelopment areas — transit oriented development.
  • Transport support for urban regeneration and intensification.
  • More active lifestyles and a safer and healthier community.
  • A greater use of walking, cycling and public transport, with targets of:
    – 20 per cent of work trips by 2011 by walking, cycling and public transport; and
    – 30 per cent of work trips by 2026 by walking, cycling and public transport.
  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions attributed to the transport sector
Monitoring indicators
  • The average trip distance of all journeys between travel destinations.
  • The average travel time of all journeys.
  • Vehicle kilometres travelled per year per capita.
  • The percentage of jobs in centres held by residents of the same district.
  • The percentage of trips taken using an alternative mode of transport to the car.
  • Public transport patronage as a percentage of total journeys.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions attributed to the transport sector.