OBJECTIVE — Maximise
safety and perceptions of safety within the community
Significant social, environmental and economic losses can result
from natural hazards. In the ACT, planning needs to respond to
the risk of bush fires, floods, severe storms and high winds.
Each has different requirements for risk mitigation. Land use
planning can effectively reduce the risk from natural hazards
and guide the appropriate management of such areas.
Following the bushfires of January 2003, The
Inquiry into the Operational Response to the January 2003 Bushfires
in the ACT (McLeod Report) made a number of recommendations about planning
principles to minimise risk of fire hazard, including identifying
the need to undertake further investigations into a Bushfire
Abatement Zone, bushfire protection planning principles and declaration
of a Bushfire Prone Area.
Current treatments, physical design standards
and guidelines, and management approaches for Canberra’s
urban edge, including planned future residential areas have
been further investigated. A broadscale fire hazard assessment
has been undertaken to determine the level of bushfire risk
across the ACT and whether any areas in the ACT need to be
declared as bushfire prone areas.
The Canberra Spatial Plan defines a Bushfire
Abatement Zone based on the Strategic Direction for the city’s
growth Map 9 (Bushfire Abatement Zone). The objective of the
abatement area is to limit the fire fuels thus reducing the
Urban development is designed to be protected
from the impacts of flood events, generally up to the 100 year
Average Recurrence Interval (100 year ARI). This protection is
provided by the construction of drainage systems including floodways,
piped drainage systems, retarding basins, lakes and ponds, and
the retention of vegetation within catchments.
Other natural hazards for the ACT include severe
storms and strong winds which have the potential to affect a
large number of dwellings.
There are utilities that are required to support the function
of the city, including refuse areas, quarries, recycling stations
and sewage treatment plants. These have the potential to impact
on human health and safety and general amenity and wellbeing.
Due to this potential hazard to the community, buffer areas are
required around these public utilities.